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Testing for Ions
2017 Paper One
Part of a series looking at past AQA A-level Chemistry questions with a focus on better performance in examinations.
If you haven't gone through the question/paper, click the direct link below, and have a go...
6-mark question on ion identification
Add a barium chloride or barium hydroxide solution to each.
For potassium nitrate, there would be no visible changeFor potassium sulfate, a white precipitate will form.
There's a double displacement reaction between barium chloride and potassium sulfate.
Potassium chloride (soluble) and barium sulfate (insoluble) are formed.
The barium sulfate precipitates out of the solution
Here, the reagent will be sodium hydroxide (in fact, any Group 1 hydroxide)
Add sodium hydroxide solution to both solutions
For magnesium chloride, you get a white precipitate. The precipitate will not dissolve in excess sodium hydroxide.
A white precipitate also forms from the aluminium chloride solution.
The precipitate will dissolve in excess sodium hydroxide
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