1902 - 1992 aged 90
Known for her work on the genetic structure of maize
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1983)
McClintock discovered transposable elements, or "jumping genes", and the process of transposition. She used it to demonstrate that genes are responsible for turning physical characteristics on and off. A great deal of scepticism regarding her research and its implications caused her to stop publishing her data in the 1950s
This biography reveals a woman widely acknowledged as one of the most significant figures in 20th-century science.